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Vaccination for Babies, Toddlers, and Kids – All you need to know

Vaccination for Babies, Toddlers, and Kids | Vaccination | Why is Vaccination given for Babies | Reasons for Vaccination |List of Essential Vaccines | List of Optional Vaccines | Difference between Essential & Optional Vaccines | Painless Vaccines vs Regular Vaccines | Post Vaccination Care | Should I avoid Vaccinations | Benefits of Vaccination to Babies, Toddlers, and Kids

Vaccination for babies toddlers and kids vaccination is vaccination essential for babies government vaccination private vaccination essential vaccination optional vaccination list of vaccination age wise why vaccination is required vaccination chart

Reason for Vaccination

Vaccination for babies toddlers and kids vaccination is vaccination essential for babies government vaccination private vaccination essential vaccination optional vaccination list of vaccination age wise why vaccination is required vaccination chart

Infants and kids are prone to various dangerous diseases and hence it is important to make them immune to these diseases by means of Vaccines. There have been many instances in our history with stories of epidemic diseases and most of the time it was infants and kids who suffered and lost their lives. I’m giving you 5 reasons to Vaccinate your child today.

  1. Saves your child’s life.
  2. Safe & proven Effective.
  3. Protects the Tribe.
  4. Saves from future stress, time & money.
  5. Protects Future Generations.

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List of Essential Vaccines

Vaccination for babies toddlers and kids vaccination is vaccination essential for babies government vaccination private vaccination essential vaccination optional vaccination list of vaccination age wise why vaccination is required vaccination chart

  1. BCG: Bacillus Calmette Guerin – To prevent Tuberculosis
  2. OPV: Oral poliovirus vaccine – Polio
  3. TT: Tetanus toxoid – Tetanus is a Bacterial toxin that affects your nervous system, leading to painful muscle contractions, particularly of your jaw and neck muscles. Tetanus can interfere with your ability to breathe and can threaten your life. There is no cure for tetanus.
  4. Hep B: Hepatitis B vaccine – Serious Liver infection.
  5. DTwP/DTaP: Diptheria, Tetanus, Pertussis – Diptheria is a serious bacterial infection usually affecting the mucous membranes of your nose and throat causing difficulty in breathing and swallowing. Pertussis is whooping cough or often called as 100-day cough(kaali khasi or naayi khemmu) which can lead to a struggle in breathing, eating and can lead to pneumonia.
  6. MMR: Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Vaccine – Measles /dadaara/khasra is an infectious viral disease causing fever and rashes in babies. Mumps is a disease caused by a virus. It causes painful swelling of the salivary glands. Rubella is another highly contagious virus causing rashes similar to measles but isn’t that.
  7. Hib: Hemophilus influenza Type ‘b’ Vaccine – is a serious infection that can cause fever, the decline in cognitive ability, coma, and death. Hib can cause pneumonia; epiglottitis, which is an infection in the throat that can cause breathing difficulties; blood infection; bone infection; and joint infection leading to arthritis.
  8. iPV– Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine: The main aim behind this ambitious program is to strengthen the children’s immune system and to provide double protection against polio.
  9. Rotavirus: Leading cause of severe diarrhea among infants and young children.
  10. Vitamin A:  9 dosage of Vitamin A is recommended by WHO where VAD is a common problem due to which night blindness and low immunity are reported. This is not in the list of vaccinations given in Private hospitals.
  11. Japanese encephalitis – This is mosquito-borne encephalitis, a virus transmitted by culicine mosquitoes. The outbreak is reported in various parts of the county.

    List of Optional Vaccines

    Vaccination for babies toddlers and kids vaccination is vaccination essential for babies government vaccination private vaccination essential vaccination optional vaccination list of vaccination age wise why vaccination is required vaccination chart

  12. TCV– Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine:  Typhoid fever is caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi (S. Typhi), which infects humans due to contaminated food and beverages and other infected humans.
  13. HPV– Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine:  The HPV vaccine helps protect you against certain types of HPV that can lead to cancer or genital warts. This vaccination is given to girls between 10-12 years before they become sexually active – 1 dosage.
  14. PCV– Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine: Protects against 23 types of pneumococcal bacteria which can cause serious infections such as pneumonia, blood infections, and bacterial meningitis.
  15. Influenza H1N1-Flu Shot: The present Influenza A vaccine given in India helps protect your child against H1N1 and some other strains of the flu. It is a good idea to give your child the flu shot during the seasonal change when the risk of catching the flu is greater.
  16. Varicella – Chickenpox or Varicella is an acute, highly infectious disease caused by the v-z virus. Once a child gets chickenpox he/she is considered immune to life. But if the child was not vaccinated and be it a girl child who later faces it during her pregnancy can cause problems to both mother and baby.
Age  Vaccines
Birth BCG, OPV 0, Hepatitis B -1
6 weeks IPV-1, DTwP-1, Hepatitis B -2, Hib -1, Rotavirus 1, PCV 1
10 weeks DTwP-2, IPV 2, Hib -2, Rotavirus 2, PCV 2
14 weeks DTwP-3 , IPV-3 , Hib -3, Rotavirus 3, PCV 3
6 months OPV 1, Hep B 3 + Influenza , 7 months + Influenza
9 months OPV 2, MMR-1 + Influenza
9 – 12 months Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
12 months  Hep-A 1
15 months  MMR 2, Varicella 1, PCV Booster
16 – 18 months  DTwP  B 1 / DTaP booster -1, IPV B 1, Hib booster 1
18 months  Hep-A 2
2 years  Booster of Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
4- 6 years  DTwP  B 2 / DTaP booster -2, OPV 3, MMR 3, Varicella 2,
10 – 12 years  Tdap / Td, HPV (Only for females, three doses at 0, 1-2 and 6 months)

 

Difference between Essential & Optional Vaccines

The Indian Association of Pediatrics divides the vaccines into two categories as above. Essential Vaccines are included in the UIP – Universal Immunization Programme and these are hence made freely available in Government Hospitals throughout the country. The government is running this program under the name Mission Indradhanush and you can avail vaccination for 12 deadly diseases free of cost.

Optional Vaccines are those that a parent can decide whether it needs to be given or not. Most of the times it is argued that due to economic factor, not all vaccines can be included in the UIP program and hence made optionally, and other argument says these can be avoided by following a great healthy lifestyle including food and hygiene. For example: Instead of vaccinating your child for chickenpox you can allow her to attract this once and she shall be immune to life. Immunity boosting can help prevent the flu in babies and kids. All said and done, no parent would like to take the risk as these vaccines have long-established evidence that shows that it is safe to follow the rule “Prevention is better than Cure.”

Painless Vaccines vs Regular Vaccines

DTaP/ DTwP given at 6, 10, or 14 weeks are vaccines for Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis/Whopping Cough. Now the P part of this triple vaccine which is given for whooping cough/kaali khasi/naayi khemmu is the major cause for pain, fever, swelling, etc. So our traditional DTP vaccination DTwP which had whole cells causing the side effects is now formulated to have a cellular vaccine DTaP and hence avoiding reactions later. However, most doctors say in primary immunization during 6, 10 and 14 weeks it is advisable to give regular or painful vaccinations for better immunity and booster shots during 18 weeks

Delay/Missed Vaccine

It’s always good to maintain a calendar with Vaccination dates highlighted. In case your child misses one vaccine do not panic but take her to the hospital as soon as possible and get her vaccinated for the missed one. No need to start the schedule all over again.

Avoiding Vaccination

There is no reason to avoid vaccination when the baby is having minor health issues like cough, cold, diarrhea. But I’m sharing below a list of scenarios when you shall have to postpone the schedule a bit or act as a doctor’s advice.

  1. High Fever
  2. Allergy to previous vaccinations
  3. Had Fits/Convulsion in Past
  4. Has HIV/AIDS, Cancer
  5. On medication for any previous major operations

Post Vaccination Care

  1. Doctor recommended pain killer
  2. An ice pack or wet cloth on the injected part
  3. Lots of liquids/breastmilk
  4. Mild symptoms of fever, redness, swelling in the local area, tiredness, less feed is all fine for a day or two. In case of any allergic reactions please visit the doctor immediately.

References:

Video: Vaccination for Babies, Toddlers, and Kids – All you need to know

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Vaccination for Babies, Toddlers, and Kids – All you need to know

Vaccination for babies toddlers and kids vaccination is vaccination essential for babies government vaccination private vaccination essential vaccination optional vaccination list of vaccination age wise why vaccination is required vaccination chart

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