Neonatal Seizures | Seizures in newborns – Care & Treatment
Neonatal Seizures | Seizures in newborns – Care & Treatment : The first month of a child’s life is highly crucial and risky. One has to ensure to have sufficient knowledge on baby care and health concerns that may create a short term or long term damage; neonatal seizure is one such health concern. Read the article and Watch the video for further knowledge.
What is Neonatal Seizures | Seizures in newborns : Neonatal seizures are a type of seizure that occurs in newborn babies up to the age of four weeks, but can also occur in babies up to a year old. These seizures can affect the baby’s brain function and development, and can be a sign of an underlying health condition. Seizures can vary in intensity, from brief moments of trembling to full-body convulsions. Seizures in this age group can be difficult to diagnose, as the symptoms can be subtle, and the baby may not show any outward signs of a seizure. Early diagnosis and treatment of neonatal seizures is important for the baby’s long-term health.
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Causes for Neonatal Seizures | Seizures in newborns : Neonatal seizures can be caused by a variety of conditions, such as
- Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
- Intracranial hemorrhage
- Metabolic disturbances
- Congenital anomalies
In some cases, the cause is unknown. Other potential causes include
- Herpes simplex virus
Signs and Symptoms Neonatal Seizures | Seizures in newborns – Care & Treatment : Neonatal seizures can present in different ways, depending on the type and severity of the seizure.
Some of the common signs and symptoms of neonatal seizures include: –
- Unusual jerky movements of the arms, legs, or face
- Staring spells
- Sudden changes in muscle tone, such as limpness or stiffness
- Rapid eye movements
- Abnormal breathing patterns Hyperventilation
- Difficulty feeding or sucking
- Apnea (temporary cessation of breathing)
Diagnosis for Neonatal Seizures | Seizures in newborns – Care & Treatment :
Neonatal seizures can be difficult to diagnose, as they may be subtle and not always obvious. Diagnosis usually involves an assessment of the baby’s medical history and a physical examination.
Other tests that may be used to diagnose neonatal seizures include:
- EEG (electroencephalogram): This test uses electrodes to measure electrical activity in the brain.
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging): This imaging scan can show any structural abnormalities in the brain that may be causing seizures.
- CT (computed tomography) scan: This scan can also reveal any structural abnormalities in the brain that may be causing seizures.
Treatment for Neonatal Seizures | Seizures in newborns – Care & Treatment :
Treating neonatal seizures depends on the underlying cause. Treatment may include anticonvulsant medications to control the seizures, or intensive medical care in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
Other treatments may include:
- Nutritional support: Ensuring that the baby is getting enough nutrition to support healthy brain development.
- Neurodevelopmental follow-up: Following up with a specialist to monitor the baby’s development and ensure that any abnormalities are addressed.
- Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct any structural abnormalities in the brain that may be causing seizures.
Video: Neonatal Seizures | Seizures in newborns – Care & Treatment
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